The thyroid is a gland that is one of the most important glands in the body having a great influence on our health. It is a small butterfly-shaped gland located in our neck area and produces several hormones that help in body metabolism. The two key hormones produced by the thyroid gland are – triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). Usually, of all the hormones produced by the gland, T4 constitutes 80% and T3 constitutes 20%. The thyroid gland and the hormones produced by its help in controlling the various organs and systems’ functions and have a tremendous impact on our immunity, blood circulation, sugar regulation, and energy levels.
The thyroid hormones are responsible for countless chemical reactions within the body and regulate the rate at which our body functions. When something goes wrong with the functioning of the thyroid gland, we are prone to various thyroid disorders and here mentioned are three of the most common among these.
- Hyperthyroidism – Overactivity of the thyroid resulting in it producing too much of thyroid hormone is called hyperthyroidism. The symptoms associated with this condition are weight loss, increased appetite, anxiety, hot flushes, palpitations, muscle weakness, etc. This condition can also result in a reduction in menstrual flow in women. Depending on the causative factors, hypothyroidism can be classified as – primary hypothyroidism and secondary hypothyroidism.
- Hypothyroidism – Under activity of the thyroid resulting in it producing too little of thyroid hormone is called hypothyroidism. It is more common in women than in men and shows symptoms of weight gain, fatigue, anxiety, depression, etc.
- Goitre – The enlargement of the thyroid gland is called goitre which can be a result of several factors. One of the prominent causes of goitre is insufficient intake of iodine in our diet and this condition can be seen in both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.
Generally, thyroid disorders are identified by assessing the symptoms of the patient and by getting blood tests done which give the values of T3, T4, and TSH. Homeopathy physicians recommend further tests on need basis and look for the emotional and mental aspects of the patient as well because homeopathy provides treatment on a holistic basis considering all these aspects. Homeopathy system of medicine believes in treating not just the symptoms but healing the patient in totality. The main aim of a homeopath is to provide treatment to a patient is such a way that it improves the metabolism of the patient and aids in enhancing the inner self-balancing mechanisms.
Unlike the conventional medicine systems, in homeopathic treatment, the individual is treated rather than the condition and hence, the same remedies can be administered to different patients with different conditions and the same condition in different individuals may warrant different remedies. Also, different remedy options can be used in homeopathy treatment at different points of time so as to heal the patient in totality. Various remedy options like Conium maculatum, Lycopus virginicus, Ferrum iodatum, Spongia Tosta, Calcarea carbonica, Bromum, Fucus vesiculosus, Graphites, Natrum muriaticum are administered by the homeopaths depending on the thyroid disorder and severity.
Homeopathy treatment also suggests appropriate diet and exercise regimen to complement the remedies and heal the individual in the complete sense and provide relief so that the patients can perform their daily activities without disruption and lead a healthy lifestyle.